The rational management of the marine environment relies on the measurement of selected attributes and the detection of changes in carefully chosen parameters as the result of human activities. Following that detection, integrated management relies on actions being predefined in order to minimise harmful effects. This book undertakes an analysis of the indicators available for detecting change in the sedimentary part of the marine system in coastal and estuarine areas. It covers intertidal and subtidal habitats. As such, it includes indicators on sedimentary conditions and biological indicators based on benthic plants, seaweeds and invertebrates. Organisms and populations are considered as well as molecular biomarkers and sublethal indicators, as well as biophysical indicators. As studies of the habitat level lead into functional ecology then the book further deals with integrated and multicriteria approaches. An assessment of the applicability of existing indicators helps to identify where modifications might be appropriate and to identify significant gaps. It appears that most of the available indicators are rather well suited to showing the structure of systems (and in the case of the European Water Framework Directive have been encouraged to be so by the wording in the Directive). However, their applicability to enclosed estuarine ecosystems remains problematic as most of such indicators were designed in relation to organic matter enrichment. Very few of them are adequate to show the functioning of transitional ecosystems. This is particularly important given the high reliance by ecological objectives and contributory objectives for the marine environment on functional aspects. This book was written as an attempt to clarify the current situation with regard to the use of indicators in environmental management of estuaries and coasts. As such, it will be of interest to any researcher involved in monitoring coastal environments. More specifically, it targets students, practitioners and policy makers who often find themselves overwhelmed by the huge amount of information to be dealt with when approaching the subject. It is not intended as a comprehensive review of all indicators, but more as a compendium to be used as a guide when confronted to concrete cases. Text boxes and tables present essential topics in a focused and synthetic way. The text structure and the support of a robust bibliography will also help students to organise any in-depth study of the topic.
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Apr 22, 2016 ... Bioindicators are living organisms such as plants, planktons, animals, and ... In this review we have tried to explain the concept behind Bioindicators and ... and are also an important tool for detecting changes in the environment, either ... compounds decrease use of bicarbonate by estuarine phytoplankton.
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